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General Drama of Pain Bernard J. Paris

General Drama of Pain

Bernard J. Paris

Published January 1st 2012
ISBN : 9781306903387
ebook
155 pages
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 About the Book 

This motivational analysis of the protagonists in Thomas Hardys three most widely read novels--Tess of the dUrbervilles, The Mayor of Casterbridge, and Jude the Obscure--highlights an often-overlooked aspect of his art. Bernard J. Paris showsMoreThis motivational analysis of the protagonists in Thomas Hardys three most widely read novels--Tess of the dUrbervilles, The Mayor of Casterbridge, and Jude the Obscure--highlights an often-overlooked aspect of his art. Bernard J. Paris shows Hardys genius in creating imagined human beings. He demonstrates that while Hardy tends to blame external conditions for his characters painful fates, their downfalls are due to a very complex combination of cosmic, social, and psychological factors.Hardys characters are usually discussed primarily in thematic terms. The characters are are so richly portrayed, Paris argues, that they can be better understood independent of Hardys interpretations, in motivational terms and he utilizes the psychologist Karen Horneys theories to recover Hardys intuitions. The characters are full of inner conflicts that make them difficult to fathom, but the approach Paris employs explains their contradictions and illuminates their troubled relationships--shedding light on these expertly crafted imagined human beings.This psychological approach to Hardys characters enables us to understand his characters and gain insight into the implied authors of the works. In addition, the approach shows Hardys authorial personality. We can see that Hardy treats some defensive strategies more sympathetically than others. Given his view of life as a general drama of pain, resignation, like that of Hardys character Elizabeth-Jane, is the strategy he prefers.